State shows upward trend in sex ratio

Sushil Manav

Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, September 13

Having earned notoriety countrywide for killing its daughters in the womb, Haryana had 879 females against 1,000 males in the 2011 Population Census. What was even worse was the fact that the sex ratio at birth (SRB) stood at dismal 834 as per the Census records.

The sex ratio of children born in 2012 dipped further to 832, but it showed some improvement in 2013, when 868 girls were born against 1,000 boys. From 2014 onwards, the SRB in the state has been showing a steady upward trend with the birth of 871 girls against 1,000 boys in 2014, 876 in 2015, 900 in 2016 and 914 girls against 1,000 boys in 2017.

In the first four months of 2018, an SRB of 928 has been witnessed in the state showing a positive change in the Haryanvi society.

The changing trends show that during 12 months till April 2018, 915 girls were born in the state against 1,000 boys, while during the last six months the figure was 929.

With the birth of 963 girls against 1,000 boys in six months (November 2017 to April 2018), Yamunanagar stands at number one position, while Sirsa (930), Sonepat (941), Gurugram (948), Kurukshetra (949), Hisar (927), Rewari (929), Panipat (894), Mewat (931), Bhiwani (930), Karnal (906), Jind (926), Kaithal (940), Ambala (910), Faridabad (937), Jhajjar (902), Palwal (921), Panchkula (951), Rohtak (929), Fatehabad (900) and Narnaul (924) also show a considerable improvement from their past records.

This is in sharp contrast to the birth of 819 girls against 1,000 boys as reported in 2001 Population Census and 834 in the next Census in 2011.

The positive trends in the SRB are largely being attributed to the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on January 22, 2015, from Panipat.

In the state, the campaign is being run under Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar’s watch, as a special BBBP cell is monitoring the campaign in the Chief Minister’s Office under Khattar’s Additional Principal Secretary Rakesh Gupta.

Gupta said an effective implementation and enforcement of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act had made this possible.

GL Singal, coordinator in the BBBP cell in the CMO, elaborates that since the launch of the campaign, 584 first information reports (FIRs) under the PC&PNDT Act and the MTP Act had been registered against doctors, paramedics, touts and quacks for violations.

Notably, the number of FIRs is more than those registered in all other states of the country during this period.

“In several cases, we have raided health facilities situated in other states such as Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh and caught offenders by sending pregnant woman constables as decoy clients,” Singal added.